What is Ativan?
Ativan (lorazepam) tablets are anti-anxiety medication. Each Ativan tablet contains lorazepam (0.5mg, 1mg, or 2mg) as the active agent and microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, and polacrilin potassium as the inactive ingredients.
Ativan treats anxiety disorder, anxiety due to depression, and it provides short term relief from the symptoms of anxiety. It comes under the class of benzodiazepine medications. The benzodiazepines act on the brain chemicals called GABA (Gamma Amino Butyric Acid) to provide calming effects to the brain and body.
Ativan (lorazepam) is useful in the short term. Its effectiveness in the long term use is not evident as the patient develops a tolerance for the drug.
Dosage of Ativan:
Take the dosage of Ativan as directed by the doctor. The dose, frequency, and duration of dosage for Ativan is individualized for every patient according to the severity of pain and personal needs of the patient. The usual dose is 2-6mg per day. It is increased accordingly by 1-10mg per day. For Anxiety: 2-3mg per day. For Insomnia due to anxiety: 2-4mg at bedtime. For patients elder than 65 years: 1-2mg per day in divided doses.
Forms And Strengths
|0.5mg||five-sided (shield shape) tablet||White||Raise “A” on one side and “BPI” “63” on the other.|
|1mg||five-sided (shield shape) tablet||White||Raise “A” on one side and “BPI” “64” on the other.|
|2mg||five-sided (rectangular pentagon) tablet||White||Raise “A” “2” on one side and “BPI” “65” on the other.|
Many patients on the lorazepam (Ativan) medication do not experience severe side effects of the drug. Larger doses or overdosing the medicine can cause severe side effects. The commonly noticed side effects of Ativan are:
- Respiratory depression
- Dependency on the medication
- Suicidal thoughts
- Visual impairments
- Sleep disorders
- Change in appetite
- Gastrointestinal symptoms
- Skin allergies
- Dermatological problems
The overdose of Ativan (lorazepam) causes a direct effect on the Central Nervous System (CNS), giving rise to drowsiness, mental confusion, dysarthria, lethargy, depression, paradoxical reaction, and in worst cases even coma. The more severe effects of Ativan, when consumed with alcohol, include:
- Cardiovascular depression
- Hypotonic state
- Respiratory depression
If someone has overdosed the medication and shows the symptoms of overdose, take them immediately to the doctor.
The lorazepam contraindicates in the patients with:
- Hypersensitivity to lorazepam
- Hypersensitivity to any other benzodiazepines
- acute narrow-angle glaucoma.